What is the Difference between BSE and NSE?

16 February 2024
3 min read
What is the Difference between BSE and NSE?
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The stock exchange is a marketplace where securities can be traded between investors/traders with the help of brokers. The BSE and NSE are the leading stock exchanges in the Indian market.

BSE stands for Bombay Stock Exchange, and NSE stands for National Stock Exchange.

While many are familiar with these exchanges, there are a few differences between them.

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

BSE is located at Dalal Street, Mumbai.

It is the oldest and the first stock exchange in Asia. It was established in 1875 and was formerly known by the name of –The Native Share & Stock Brokers Association.

In 1986, Sensex was introduced as the first equity index. This is to provide a base for identifying the top 30 trading companies of the exchange in more than 10 sectors.

Apart from Sensex, other important indices of Bombay Stock Exchange include BSE 100, BSE 200, BSE 500, BSE MIDCAP, BSE SMLCAP, BSE PSU, BSE Auto, BSE Pharma, BSE FMCG, and BSE Metal.

As of October 19, 2021, BSE has an overall market capitalization of over Rs 118.80 crore. It ranks amongst the 10 most valued exchanges globally. BSE also came out with an IPO and is listed in NSE.

Its product offerings include equities, equity derivatives, commodities and currency derivatives.

National Stock Exchange (NSE)

While NSE is young when compared to BSE, it is still one of the largest exchanges in the country. NSE came into the picture in the year 1992 with Vikram Limaye as its CEO.

It was recognised as a stock exchange by SEBI in 1993 and commenced operations in 1994. It started with the launch of the wholesale debt market, followed shortly after by the launch of the cash market segment.

In the year 1995-96, NSE launched the NIFTY 50 Index and commenced trading and settlement in dematerialised securities. Nifty lists out the top 50 companies which traded on the NSE stock exchange market.

Apart from Nifty, other key indices of NSE include Nifty Next50, Nifty500, Nifty Midcap150, Nifty Smallcap250 and Nifty MidSmallcap 400.

National Stock Exchange expanded its product offerings as well. Among other services such as clearing and settlement, it also offers equity and equity derivatives instruments, commodities and currency derivatives.

NSE, too plans to come out with an IPO and date is expected to be announced soon.

Let us learn NSE and BSE difference here for a better understanding.

BSE vs NSE: Difference

Here are some of the key differences between BSE and NSE:

Basis for Comparison BSE NSE
Brief Introduction It is the oldest stock exchange. It is relatively young and is the biggest stock exchange. A front runner in the introduction of the fully automated, electronic trading system across the country.
Founded in 1875 1992
Benchmark index Sensex 30 Nifty 50
Website www.bseindia.com www.nseindia.com
Total listed companies Around 7400 Around 1790
Market Capitalization Around Rs 266 trillion Around Rs 199 trillion
Global Rank 10th 11th
Network (trading terminals) 419 cities Over 1500 cities
Liquidity Comparably lower than NSE In case of liquidity, NSE is a clear winner, since volumes traded in NSE are much higher compared with BSE.

In Which Exchange Should Investors Transact - NSE vs BSE

The difference between NSE and BSE was pretty much summed up above. The selection of exchange purely depends on the companies listed. For instance, BSE as a stock is listed only on NSE. So if you want to trade in BSE, your only choice is NSE.

But having said that, most stocks are listed in both BSE and NSE. So the choice isn’t that difficult.

Happy investing!

Disclaimer: This blog is solely for educational purposes. The securities/investments quoted here are not recommendatory.

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