When it comes to retirement, an individual’s financial preparedness should take precedence above any other matter. To that end, individuals have recourse to three government-endorsed instruments, which allow individuals to save for their life after retirement. It includes the Public Provident Fund (PPF), Employee’s Provident Fund (EPF), and the General Provident Fund (GPF).
As it stands, the rules of these three saving instruments differ. Resultantly, the benefits they offer to subscribers also vary. Hence, it is highly essential to learn the GPF rules in detail for making an informed decision regarding whether it is ideal for one’s financial objectives or not.
Before venturing into the nitty-gritty of GPF, it is apropos to have a basic understanding of what it is. General Provident Fund allows individuals to deposit a sum of money periodically in their accounts until retirement.
An employer, then, releases the accumulated amount along with accrued interest to the individual’s account on the date of retirement or superannuation. GPF withdrawal rules also allow individuals to utilise the accumulated sum prior to their retirement, subject to certain conditions.
When it comes to the General Provident Fund rules, there can be several classifications based on each aspect or feature of this savings instrument. These are –
One of the primary sets of rules is concerning this PF’s eligibility. These are listed in the pointers below –
As per GPF rules, it is exclusive to government employees. This is unlike other PFs, which are open to individuals employed in the private sector as well.
As is characteristic of other PFs, the General Provident Fund also features set stipulations on the deposit amount and frequency. These have been discussed in the table below.
|Minimum amount||The amount that a subscriber contributes shall not be less than 6% of his/her total income.|
|Maximum amount||A subscriber cannot contribute any amount that exceeds his/her total income.|
|Frequency||Individuals shall make a deposit every month. But, it does not apply when such a subscriber is suspended.|
|Maturity date||The PF matures at the date of one’s retirement or superannuation. However, contributions continue until 3 months before retirement as per GPF rules.|
Individuals can declare a nominee when first subscribing to the General Provident Fund. As per rules, the nominee should be a family member.
Subscribers may also declare more than one nominee. In that case, he/she should also specify the share of each nominated entity. It is also possible to appoint a minor when he/she reaches the majority age, i.e. 18 years.
Perhaps the most pertinent of all is the GPF withdrawal rules. The primary criterion here is that individuals must complete at least 10 years of service before being eligible to withdraw from their GPF. Prior to 2017, this limit was set at 15 years.
The following points discuss the rules surrounding withdrawal from a General Provident Fund account –
According to GPF rules, individuals can also withdraw from their accounts to purchase consumer durables, like a washing machine, air conditioner, etc. Nonetheless, it is necessary to utilise the withdrawn amount only for the stated purpose.
Aside from premature withdrawals, the outstanding amount can also be released in the event of a subscriber’s death. The nominee is also entitled to an additional amount, which is equal to the average of three years of PF balance preceding such event. However, such an additional amount cannot exceed Rs.60,000.
As per GPF part final withdrawal rules, the subscriber should have been in service for 5 years or more for such additional benefits.
Apart from these, subscribers are entitled to the full amount upon retirement or superannuation.
The GPF balance earns interest throughout. The Central Government revises such rate from time to time. For the recent quarter, this rate had been set at 7.1%.
The General Provident Fund is one of the most lucrative savings instruments for its tax benefits. The contributions made, interest accrued, and returns received are tax-exempt under Section 80C of the ITA, 1961.
Government employees that are Indian residents are eligible.
You can make an advance withdrawal any number of times in your career.
If you want, you can retain your GPF accumulation with the Government.
No, as GPF is government-organized.
From three funds, the government directly pays interest on GPF and EPF. There is not much difference between the two, other than the interest rates.