An Employees’ Pension Fund (EPF) or Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS) is a retirement scheme enfranchised by EPFO for individuals employed in organised sectors. Both the employee and the employer contribute to EPF during an individual’s service period in that specific company using Universal Account Number (UAN).
UAN is a unique number which is assigned to every member of EPFO and comprises 12-digits.
An EPF certificate provides the employment details of an individual – his/her service period and family members who will benefit from this scheme in case of the death of an employee.
When an individual retires from a company, they can either carry forward their EPF to their next company or withdraw the same. However, in case of withdrawal, that person needs to file EPF Form 10C.
Form 10C can be filed both online and offline. These are the steps needed to follow to file the online form, post visiting the official website of Employees’ Provident Fund –
Step 1 – Scroll down to the Employers Portal tab and click on it.
Step 2 – In the next page, enter your UAN number and password in the Username and password section.
Step 3 – Select the tab “Online Services” from the menu bar at the top.
Step 4 – Click on ‘Claim Form 10C, 19, and 31’ from the dropdown menu.
Step 5 – Check your employment, KYC, and member details on the next page.
Step 6 – Enter the last 4 digits of your registered bank account for verification.
Step 7 – Agree to the terms and conditions of “Certificate of Undertaking”.
Step 8 – Go to the bottom of the next page and click on the “I want to apply for” and select
“Only Pension Withdrawal Form 10C”.
Step 9 – Select the “Get Aadhaar OTP” button after entering your address.
Step 10 – You will receive an OTP which you need to put in your form and click on “Validate OTP and Submit Claim Form”.
After completion of the EPF withdrawal form 10C filing process, you will receive an SMS notifying the same. The accumulated amount will be transferred to your registered bank account within a few days.
The benefits of Form 10C are available to three sets of members who fulfil specific eligibility criteria. For member type 1, the eligibility criteria are mentioned as follows–
If any member has retired service due to some bodily impairment, he/she can also withdraw his EPS under disablement pension after filing Form 10D.
The Scheme Certificate, which will be provided to Member Type 2, also has certain benefits to it. These are –
The eligibility criteria of the 3 kinds of members are demonstrated in the following table
|Member 1||Member 2||Member 3|
|Did not complete 10 years of service.||Completed 10 years of service before turning 50 years.||Legal heir or nominee of a deceased member, who was past the age of 58 and could not complete 10 years of service.|
|Turned 58 years before completing 10 years of service||Is above 50 years of age but less than 58 years.|
An individual is not eligible to receive any benefits if he/she is only a member for less than 180 days.
The EPF Form 10C is to be attested by either the employer or both the employers and employees depending on the circumstance. The following cases are –
Individuals need to produce the following documents during application –
EPF is a beneficial scheme for investors who are looking to guaranteed returns. However, the rate of returns in case of such schemes is limited. On the other hand, market-linked investment schemes like Mutual Funds can generate a considerable amount of gains.
Individuals can invest the amount they withdraw from their EPF account into Mutual Funds for higher returns. They can withdraw 75% of the EPS corpus after 1 month of unemployment after filing Form 10C. The rest can be withdrawn after 2 months.