Pledging allows you to keep your stock holdings as collateral with a broker. Pledging is simply a way of taking loans against your shares. In other words, pledging is a way to access some extra funds for your trading and investments by using some existing investments as collateral.
The shares are kept as collateral with your broker who in turn lends you funds to trade in exchange.
There are no extra charges or interest on the margin you get from your broker. There is a one-time charge per scrip for unpledging.
Read on to find out more on how to pledge or unpledge your shares on Groww, key points regarding margin allocation to your trading account and haircut on different stocks.
Step 1: Open your Groww Balance section and click on pledge balance.
You can also view access Pledge on Groww through your stock holdings.
Step 2: All the stocks that are eligible for pledging from your holdings will be displayed. Choose which stock you want to pledge. Then click on the Verify Pledge button.
Step 3: You can edit the quantity of the stock you want to pledge. (Here you can see the total margin you will receive and the total haircut levied)
Note: No interest or charges will be applied to the usage of pledged margin.
Step 4: Click on the 'Verify Pledge Button'. After clicking, you will be asked for an OTP. On filling in the OTP, you will be taken to another screen i.e. 'All Request'. You can check your pledge status in the order details menu.
In Groww, you can use your pledged margin for the following:
Margin allocation is different for different stocks. While pledging only a certain percentage of the total pledged value will be allocated to you in your trading account and a certain percentage will be deducted as haircut.
As different stocks will have different haircuts, the total margin that will be allocated to you will depend on the stock. Which stock has how much haircut is available on the ‘Pledged Shares’ screen on Groww.
You can only unpledge your shares if the position taken from the pledged margin is closed and not active.
In order to unpledge your shares on groww you have to follow the following steps:
Step 1: Click on your profile and open Groww Balance dashboard.
Step 2: Click on ‘pledged balance’.
Step 3: You will find all the pledged shares on the next screen.
Step 4: Click on the unpledge button next to the stock you want to unpledge.
Step 5: Enter the quantity and then click on unpledge .
However, you cannot unpledge shares if the position or trade taken from the pledged margin goes into negative .
For example : After pledging you shares you have received a margin of Rs 1 lakh. You traded with that pledge margin and that trade goes into a loss. In this situation you wont be able to unpledge your shares.
Per Request: Pledging is free of any charge. On the other hand, Rs.20 plus GST is levied per request per scrip basis as a charge for Unpledging. This charge is for a request and not the quantity.
Say you pledge 50 shares of Reliance Industries, 20 shares of CDSL and 30 shares of ITC. No charges will be levied on pledging. But on unpledging, charges will amount to Rs 60 (Rs 20*3).
Let’s consider another situation. Say you unpledged the above-mentioned shares in example 1, and on the same day you unpledged additional 20 shares of Reliance, you will still be charged Rs 60 because the unpledging charge is per scrip. So, according to this example, you would have been charged Rs 20 for unpledging 50 shares of Reliance and nil for pledging, since it is free of charge.
The margin received after pledging your shares can be used to trade stocks and F&O without any charges levied on it.
Negative Balance: There are some charges that are levied when your account goes into a negative balance. Let’s understand in detail when can you run into a negative balance.
If 50% of your traded margin is not available in your Groww Balance at the end of the day, then it will be considered a cash shortfall.
For example: Say you traded for Rs 1 lakh, and if at the end of the day your Groww Balance is Rs 20,000 which is lesser than 50% of your traded margin of Rs 1 lakh. This means that you have utilised Rs 80,000 of your pledge balance.
Note: Groww Does Not Levy Any Cash/Margin Shortfall Charges for F&O Sell Trades.
If your Groww balance becomes negative, you will have to pay a daily charge of 0.045% + GST. Your Groww Balance can become negative if your losses are more than your opening Groww Balance.
On the fifth day of paying the daily charge, collateral benefits will be taken away. Your stocks will remain pledged but you will not be able to use the collateral margin until your balance is positive.
If your Groww Balance is negative then-
1. Every Day: Delayed payment charges (DPC) of 0.045% + GST will be added for each day it stays negative.
2. After 5 Working Days: Your pledged facility will be blocked if it continues to be negative for more than 5 consecutive trading days.
3. After 60 Working Days: Your shares will be liquidated to recover the amount if your Groww Balance continues to be negative for 60 consecutive trading days.
To avoid this, add money to your Groww balance before the end of the day and ensure it's not negative.
In order to avoid automatic liquidation, you should either add more funds to your Groww Balance to make it positive or sell your holdings.