Over the past two years, due to the Covid-19 Pandemic situation, many people experienced salary cuts or even job loss. During such trying times, an Emergency Fund can come in handy and help you tide over such situations with relative ease. Here is a quick guide on how to build an Emergency Fund.
Life is full of unexpected situations - good and bad. Hence, apart from other things, you need to be prepared for it financially. While you can plan for some foreseeable expenses, an Emergency Fund can help you manage all unplanned expenses efficiently.
One such unanticipated expense is the current pandemic. People who have emergency funds are much better equipped than those who don't hold Emergency Funds to deal with unexpected lockdowns.
An Emergency Fund can keep you afloat during tough financial times so you don't have to rely on credit cards or loans. An Emergency Fund can help you avoid taking out additional loans if you already have some that you are paying off.
Every individual has different financial needs. Each individual has a unique combination of lifestyle, dependents, income, and unavoidable expenses. Hence, the figure will be different for all.
Before calculating the amount of the Emergency Fund that you need, it is important to calculate the minimum amount you need to get through the unavoidable monthly expenses. This should include house rent, loan installments, utility bills, etc. Ensure that you don't include avoidable expenses such as movies, travel, etc. in this amount.
Once you know your monthly expenses, try to create a cash fund that can help you survive three-six months without any income. Given the current situation, most people will agree that six months of basic living expenses stashed as an Emergency Fund Investment is a must at all times to manage emergencies efficiently.
Once you have finalized the amount you consider investing in an Emergency Fund you need to build and start working towards saving it, it is important to find a good place to keep it. A savings account is a logical choice since it offers liquidity that is highly important during a crisis.
You can look for a savings account offering a high rate of interest with no minimum balance requirements or heavy fees. However, another important aspect of an Emergency Fund is that you will not need it regularly. Hence, rather than accepting the returns offered by a Savings Account, you can consider investing a part of this fund in an instrument that offers high liquidity and returns better than Savings Accounts.
Some Mutual Funds offer easy liquidity and better returns than savings accounts while keeping risks minimal. These are liquid funds. By investing a sizable part of the Emergency Fund in these schemes, liquidity is ensured since you can redeem it within a couple of days. Average returns on liquid funds hover around the 6-8% mark.
Another important aspect of an Emergency Fund is building it. Let's say that your basic living expenses are Rs.40,000. Therefore, you will need to save between Rs.2-2.5 lakh as your emergency fund. Considering the increasing costs of living, this can take time. You can reach this goal faster by using a Debt Mutual Fund.
With low risks and an opportunity to earn good returns, these funds can help you create the corpus in a shorter period. You can consider starting a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) and automating your savings and investments. You can also invest your annual bonus in these funds to reach the target sooner.
In today's times, most people strive for financial independence at a younger age. They want to be able to retire in their forties and have all their financial needs taken care of.
While this needs a good amount of planning and strategic investing, it all begins with building an Emergency Fund that takes care of all unplanned expenses in the near future. While this seems extravagant during normal times, in exigencies like the current lockdown, it can be highly beneficial.
If you have not started yet, then let 2022 be the year you begin your journey of building an Emergency Fund.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this post are that of the author and not those of Groww.