How Should a Person in Their Early 20s Invest Their Money?

17 October 2023
6 min read
How Should a Person in Their Early 20s Invest Their Money?
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The ideal age to begin investing is said to be in your 20s, thus, the best advice anyone can ever give you is to start investing in 20s. The twenties are the time when you start understanding the importance of saving, investment, and returns. This is the age when you start to have financial freedom, and you slowly start taking responsibility for your own life.

The most significant factor is that time is the most valuable resource needed for investing because the length of time you invest is more significant than the amount you invest. It is therefore strongly advised that you begin your investing voyage as soon as possible.

Therefore, if you intend to begin your investing career in your 20s or if you’re wondering how to invest in your 20s, this blog is just for you! Read on to know more. 

Start Your Investing Journey Right Away!

The word "investment" may sound intimidating, but it is the only way to build a solid financial foundation. You should begin investing for two major reasons:

  • To build wealth for the future
  • To be able to save taxes by investing in tax-advantaged schemes

You should begin with equity investments because they provide the highest returns. Because of the long horizon of investments, you are in a position to take more risks in your 20s.

Power of Compounding

The concept of 'Compounding' is frequently seen in discussions related to Mutual Funds Compounding is an affair wherein a small sum of money that is invested on a frequent basis expands into a larger sum over time.

Thus, 'Compounding' is basically a doorway that will help "your money to make more money". Once you reinvest within your upfront investment time frame, the power of compounding comes into effect, making it more valuable and profitable, and this is feasible because the total return during the prior compounding duration will earn interest during the subsequent compounding period.

Compounding is based on this basic principle and it is the very foundation of investment avenues, thus, it can be optimized by investing in mutual funds as quickly, efficiently, and continuously as possible.

The 50:30:20 Rule

You can use a rule known as the 50:30:20 rule to determine your minimum investment amount or to plan out your budgeting strategy.

In practice, the rule is very simple. It requires you to divide your take-home pay into three parts. 50% of income is spent on necessities, 30% on desires, and 20% on savings and investments. You will have set buckets for everything and will be operating within the permissible amount for each bucket.

This will instil a sense of discipline while also ensuring that you do not compromise on the quality of your life or your long-term goals.

Example

This means that if you earn ₹100 per month, you will put ₹50 towards your "needs." It could be your EMI, rent, bills, or daily necessities, in short, the things that keep your life running.

Additionally, ₹30 of your total amounts will be allocated to your wants or desires, and finally, ₹20 of your final sums will be apportioned towards your savings or your investments. This is a wonderful approach to life because if you invest all of your money and then have a lot of money in your old age, you may reflect back and think to yourself about how unjoyful your youth was.

As a result, it is critical to balance your finances so that you can enjoy your youth while also having enough savings for retirement.

Where Can Young Investors Invest?

Now, let's try to figure out where you can put your money or where you can invest your money in your 20s. As most people are aware, there are two major investment options: Equity and Debt.

The question now is how much you would invest in Equity and how much you would invest in Debt. There is a simple principle rule that states that a hundred minus your age should be your percentage investment in equity. So, if you are 20, your Equity investment should be 100-20, which means that 80% of your investment should be invested in Equity and the residual 20% should be invested in Debt.

Mastering the Fundamentals of Personal Finance

Individual investors are responsible for devoting the time and effort necessary to develop knowledge of money management, investing, and handling financial planning in order to organize and maintain their finances properly.

Despite the fact that there is much to learn about investing, people in their 20s should immediately concentrate on these crucial areas of personal finance:

  • Saving
  • Budgeting
  • Financial Metrics
  • Taxes
  • Investment Items

Diversification is Key

Diversification balances your risk and returns that are associated with different funds. For example, if you are investing in mutual funds, you enjoy debt and equity. When you invest in fixed deposits, you would be taking advantage of returns and low risk.

By distributing investments among different financial instruments, industries, and other categories, diversification is a technique for lowering risk. Through investments in various sectors that respond differently to changes in the market environment, diversification seeks to maximize return. Although it cannot always guarantee against loss, it can help people achieve long-term financial objectives with fewer risks.

Investment Options for Young Investors

Finally, the following list includes some of the best investment opportunities for beginners:

  • Mutual Funds & ETFs

A Mutual Fund is a collection of funds that are professionally managed by a fund manager. A trust that invests money in stocks, bonds, money market instruments, and/or other securities after collecting funds from a number of investors who have similar investment goals.

Additionally, an ETF, or Exchange-Traded Fund, is a collection of securities that trade on the stock market and is similar to a stock.

  • Stock

A Stock also referred to as equity, is a type of security that denotes ownership in a portion of the issuing company. Shares, also known as units of stock, entitle their owners to a share of the company's assets and profits in proportion to the number of shares they own.

Before making an investment, you should conduct in-depth research on any stock, and you should diversify your holdings. If you don't have much experience, it's best to start small.

  • Crypto

A cryptocurrency is a type of virtual or digital currency that can be used to pay for goods and services. Since no actual coins or bills are used, all transactions involving cryptocurrencies must be carried out online. It's best to keep your cryptocurrency investments to a small portion of your overall portfolio if you do decide to buy them.

Conclusion

To sum up, think through your short, medium, and long-term goals before starting your investment journey, and thereafter, find the options that best suit those needs. Implement these changes right away.

Your wise choices will have more time to work in your favour and put you on the road to financial success if you make them early in life.

Disclaimer

The stocks mentioned in this article are not recommendations. Please conduct your own research and due diligence before investing. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. Please read the Risk Disclosure documents carefully before investing in Equity Shares, Derivatives, Mutual fund, and/or other instruments traded on the Stock Exchanges. As investments are subject to market risks and price fluctuation risk, there is no assurance or guarantee that the investment objectives shall be achieved. Groww Invest Tech Pvt. Ltd. (Formerly known as Nextbillion Technology Pvt. Ltd) Ltd. do not guarantee any assured returns on any investments. Past performance of securities/instruments is not indicative of their future performance.
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