What Are Tax Free Bonds?

01 February 2023
5 min read
whatsapp
facebook
copyToClipboard

People are always looking for options that offer high returns without the obligation to pay taxes on the interest earned. This makes them an attractive option for individuals looking to increase their savings without being burdened by additional tax expenses. Tax-Free Bonds in India are bonds issued by government-owned organizations or government-backed companies that offer tax exemptions to investors. 

Tax-Free Bonds Meaning

Tax-Free Bonds in India refer to the bonds or securities issued by the government or public sector undertakings exempt from paying income tax on the interest earned from such bonds. They provide fixed income to investors, and the interest earned is exempt from taxation, hence the name "tax-free."

These bonds usually have a more extended maturity period, 10-20 years, and the interest rate is generally lower than other fixed-income investment options. Therefore, they are considered a safe investment option and are suitable for investors looking for a stable, long-term investment with tax benefits.

Features of Tax-Free Bonds
  • Tax Exemptions

Tax-free bonds are exempt from taxes on the interest income the investors receive. This makes them an attractive investment option for individuals looking to save on taxes.

  • Issued by Government Organizations

Tax-free bonds are issued by government organizations such as the Indian Railways Finance Corporation (IRFC) and the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), among others.

  • Long-term Investment

Tax-free bonds have a longer tenor, usually 10 to 15 years, making them a suitable option for long-term investment.

  • Fixed Interest Rates

The interest rate on tax-free bonds is fixed and is not subject to market fluctuations, making them a secure investment option.

  • Diversification

Tax-free bonds provide a good opportunity for investors to diversify their portfolios and balance their investments.

  • Easy to Buy and Sell

Tax-free bonds are listed on the stock exchanges, making them easily accessible and easy to buy and sell.

  • Low Risk

Tax-free bonds are considered low-risk investments as they are issued by government organizations and backed by the government.

  • No Maximum Investment Limit

There is no maximum investment limit for tax-free bonds, making them accessible to investors of all sizes.

  • Liquidity

Tax-free bonds have good liquidity as they are listed on the stock exchanges and can be easily bought and sold.

How To Invest In Tax-Free Bonds?

Investing in Tax-Free bonds is an easy process. Here are the steps to follow:

  • Choose A Reliable Financial Institution

The first step is to choose a financial institution that you trust and that has a good reputation in the market. Some of the options are banks, stockbrokers, and mutual funds.

  • Research Tax-Free Bonds

Before investing, it is essential to research the different tax-free bonds available in the market and their features. Read about the issuer, the interest rate, the tenor, the credit rating, etc. to make an informed decision.

  • Check Your Eligibility

Tax-free bonds are usually open to all investors, but certain conditions must be fulfilled. Check if you meet the eligibility criteria and if there is any age restriction.

  • Demat Account

A Demat account is required to invest in tax-free bonds. You can open one with the financial institution you have chosen.

  • Apply For The Bond

Once you have opened a demat account, you can apply for the tax-free bond of your choice. You can do this online or by visiting a financial institution.

  • Transfer Funds

Transfer the funds required to buy the bond to your demat account.

  • Wait For Allotment

Wait for the bond to be allotted to you. This usually takes a few days.

  • Track Your Investment

Once the bond has been allotted to you, please keep track of it. You can do this by regularly checking your demat account or by subscribing to alerts from the financial institution.

  • Get Interest Payments

Tax-free bonds usually pay interest semi-annually or annually. The interest is credited to your demat account.

  • Hold The Bond Until Maturity

Tax-free bonds are long-term investments and are meant to be held until maturity. 

Factors To Checklist Before Investing in Tax-Free Bonds

Here are a few things to do before you invest in tax-free bonds-

  • Determine Your Investment Goals

Decide on the amount of money you want to invest and the length of time you plan to hold the investment.

  • Research Tax-Free Bonds

Look into the different tax-free bonds available, including municipal and government bonds.

  • Choose A Broker

Decide on a broker to purchase the tax-free bonds. You can use a traditional broker or an online broker.

  • Open A Brokerage Account

Open a brokerage account with the chosen broker. This may require filling out an application and providing personal information.

  • Purchase The Bonds

Decide on the number of bonds you want to purchase and complete the transaction through your broker.

  • Know The Risks

Tax-free bonds are subject to credit risk, interest rate, and market risk. Be aware of these risks before investing.

Note: It is always recommended to consult a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

Who Should Invest In Tax-Free Bonds?

Tax-free bonds are generally suitable for individuals in high tax brackets looking for a long-term investment with stable returns and tax benefits. However, investment decisions should be based on the individual's financial goals, risk tolerance, and overall investment portfolio. It is recommended to consult with a financial advisor for personalized advice.

Conclusion

In conclusion, tax-free bonds are a great investment option for individuals looking for a low-risk, long-term investment with the added benefit of tax-free returns. These bonds are issued by state and local governments to fund various public projects, and the interest earned on these bonds is exempt from federal income tax. In some cases, the claim may also be exempt from state and local taxes. 

However, it is essential to note that tax-free bonds are not risk-free and the rate of return is generally lower than other investment options. Therefore, before investing in tax-free bonds, individuals should consider their investment goals, risk tolerance, and overall financial portfolio.

By understanding the benefits and limitations of tax-free bonds, individuals can make informed investment decisions and improve their economic well-being.

Do you like this edition?
LEAVE A FEEDBACK
ⓒ 2016-2024 Groww. All rights reserved, Built with in India
MOST POPULAR ON GROWWVERSION - 4.8.6
STOCK MARKET INDICES:  S&P BSE SENSEX |  S&P BSE 100 |  NIFTY 100 |  NIFTY 50 |  NIFTY MIDCAP 100 |  NIFTY BANK |  NIFTY NEXT 50
MUTUAL FUNDS COMPANIES:  GROWWMF |  SBI |  AXIS |  HDFC |  UTI |  NIPPON INDIA |  ICICI PRUDENTIAL |  TATA |  KOTAK |  DSP |  CANARA ROBECO |  SUNDARAM |  MIRAE ASSET |  IDFC |  FRANKLIN TEMPLETON |  PPFAS |  MOTILAL OSWAL |  INVESCO |  EDELWEISS |  ADITYA BIRLA SUN LIFE |  LIC |  HSBC |  NAVI |  QUANTUM |  UNION |  ITI |  MAHINDRA MANULIFE |  360 ONE |  BOI |  TAURUS |  JM FINANCIAL |  PGIM |  SHRIRAM |  BARODA BNP PARIBAS |  QUANT |  WHITEOAK CAPITAL |  TRUST |  SAMCO |  NJ