Besides extending mail services, post offices offer several financial services to their customers in the form of savings schemes and life insurance. Typically, a post office RD is among the most popular savings alternatives to traditional fixed deposits and other long-term schemes offered by post offices.
Post office Recurring Deposits have become the most preferred instruments when compared to banks. One of the reasons behind its popularity is the attractive interest rate one can earn on them and a great profit upon maturity. The post office RD interest rates are revised in a proper interval and and the current interest rate for the quarter April-May-June 2023 is 6.20% p.a. The interest is compounded quarterly which enables the money deposited to multiply till the maturity time.
|Tenure||RD Rates for General Citizens||RD Rates for Senior Citizens|
The sum of interest offered on a Post Office Recurring Deposit follows the compounding principle. It uses the compounding interest formula mentioned below to calculate the sum of interest.
A= P x (1+R/N) ^ (Nt)
A= Maturity Amount
P= Recurring deposit
N= Number of times the interest is compounded
R= Rate of interest
Mr. G invests Rs. 6,000 into his PORD at the rate of 7.2% p.a. for 60 months. The sum accrued at maturity would stand at –
A= P x (1+R/N) ^ (Nt)
= Rs. 4,33,883
Unlike the recurring deposit at banks, post office RD tenure is fixed, i.e. 5 years. Most people open an RD account to use it as immediate support in case of any inevitable emergency in the coming years making it an instrument being used as a medium-term investment option. Presently, an RD account in a Post office has a minimum tenure of 5 years, which means one needs to ensure that his/her account is active during this period.
If one wants to continue with the RD account even after 5 years, there is a provision for the same under which the RD can be extended to 5 more years making the maximum tenure is 10 years.
A recurring deposit is one of the most preferred investment tools to earn good returns on your monthly investment. The minimum deposit is kept very low to ensure that it’s under the budget of people who are often skeptical about the deposit amount and rate of interest. As per the post office RD rules, the minimum deposit is Rs. 10 per month and the maximum deposit has got no limit. One can increase the deposit amount in multiples of Rs. 5, ensuring that they invest whatever amount is feasible.
Dates of Deposit
A post office RD requires a total of 60 deposits during the tenure, i.e. one deposit every month for 5 years. The first deposit is made when the user opens the account following the subsequent monthly deposits to be made on or before a particular date, depending on the date the account was opened.
Coming down to the exact dates, individuals who open their account between the 1st and 5th of a month must make the monthly deposits every month for the next 5 years. Accounts opened after the 15th of a particular month are needed to make the payments between the 16th and the last day of subsequent months. For making deposits, one can use the model of demand draft, pay order or a cheque.
A post office RD allows the account holder with a maximum of 4 such defaults; in case he/she fails to make the 5th monthly payment in his/her account, the account becomes inactive (discontinued account). Such discontinued accounts can be revived within 2 months of the 5th default.
According to the post office RD rule, a default penalty of 5 paise is charged for every 5 rupees which are going to be deposited in the account. The bank charges this fine to be paid in addition to the previously missed deposit amount in order to activate the account.
To lure people into depositing money in advance, a rebate on advance deposits is provided by the post office RD. The rebates might not sum up to a big amount but can contribute to saving a considerable amount for other purposes.
Individuals can access their Post office recurring deposit and fund their urgent requirements. But they can withdraw from such an account only after a year of opening it up to 50% of the available funds. A simple rate of interest would be applied on the withdrawn funds and it needs to be repaid in lump-sum along with the interest applicable.
You can apply for a loan against your National Savings Recurring Deposit by completing Form-5. To qualify for the loan, you must keep the account open for a year and deposit 12 installments. You can borrow up to 50% of the sum credit on your RD account. The account holder has the option of repaying the loan in a lump sum or in equal payments. The account holder must repay the entire amount before the RD matures.
The applicable simple interest rate on the loan will be 2% plus the applicable RD interest rates on the RD account. Interest will be charged from the date of withdrawal until the date of final repayment, in proportion to the amount of payback. If you fail to repay the loan, the PO will deduct the loan plus interest from the RD account’s maturity value. If the account is kept through maturity, the repayment can be made over a longer period of time.
If you do not repay the loan in full or in part, the amount owed will be recovered from you, your legal successor, or the nominee when the account is closed. If the interest payable on the loan exceeds the interest on the RD, the account holder must pay the difference.
Individuals who want to open an RD account in Post Office must meet these criteria –
An RD account in the post office falls under the tax exemptions umbrella as per Section 80C. Individuals can claim up to Rs. 1.5 Lakh as per annum tax exemption under this section.
However, the interest generated through the post office RD scheme is liable for taxation. Individuals need to pay a tax amount as per their income tax slab. Additionally, an interest that exceeds Rs. 10,000 would be liable for a TDS deduction. Individuals who have an active PAN would pay TDS at the rate of 10%, while those without one would pay the same but at the rate of 20%.
Rebate is the discount offered to the Post Office RD Scheme holder by the post office to encourage them to deposit money into their account in due advance. In the case of the RD scheme in the post office, individuals would be able to avail rebates on their deposits that were invested at least 6 months in advance. Moreover, such rebates are made available on a deposit equivalent to at least 6 installments.
However, in case of delay in deposits, individuals would be liable to pay the penalties. They are allowed a maximum of 4 defaults after which their account will be discontinued. They would accrue a default penalty of 5 paise on every Rs. 5; the sum penalty accrued along with the missed deposits would have to be deposited into their RD account. Individuals can revive their ‘discontinued account’ within 60 days post their 5th default.