You can opt to open your Recurring Deposit account with multiple financial institutions like banks, NBFCs, or even post offices. While the minimum amount of investment may vary from one institution to another, you can usually start with a considerably small amount, say Rs. 500 every month, as per your budget.
Among the low-risk investment tools with moderate and assured returns, Recurring Deposit (RD) is a popular investment option in India. It comes with an option of flexibility for customers in the choice of investment amount and tenure accompanied by multiple other benefits.
Available in flexible tenure options ranging from 6 months to 10 years, this investment tool offered by multiple banks and NBFCs helps channelize monthly savings for long or short-term corpus creation.
Investors can thus choose a minimum amount to be invested every month over the term for assured wealth generation. If you do not have a lump sum amount to meet short-term goals, depositing a small share of your income to the RD account every month serves the purpose well.
RD allows you to earn fixed interests on the amount invested at frequent intervals until the investment matures or a predetermined term ends. The total amount (i.e., the capital invested and the interest accumulated) is disbursed to the investor after the maturity period completes.
Here is a table that provides a brief overview of RD features:
|Rate of interest||Between 5% to 8% (variable from one bank to another)|
|Amount of minimum deposit||From Rs. 10|
|Tenure of investment||Between 6 months and 10 years|
|Frequency of interest calculation||Usually every quarter|
|Mid-term or partial withdrawal||Not allowed|
|Premature account closure||Allowed with penalty|
Now, take a look at the features of RD in detail.
The minimum investment amount varies from one bank to another. You can open this account with an amount as small as Rs. 10.
The minimum deposit tenure starts from 6 months. You can choose a suitable period of deposit with a maximum tenure stretching up to 10 years.
The interest rate offered on RDs is always higher than the interest earned through a savings account. The interest rates offered on RDs are also similar to what you can earn through FDs.
Almost all banks in the country along with several other institutions offer Recurring Deposit investment options. The interest rates are, thus, highly competitive. Depending on the prevalent market trends at the time of account creation, the interest rates may vary anywhere between 5% and 8%. The average interest rates, however, hover around 6% to 7% for most banks.
Interest rates in RD also vary depending on the investor’s age. For instance, senior citizens can enjoy the benefit of higher interest rates as against the existing interest rates for regular RD schemes. Also, you can calculate your rd returns by using RD Calculator.
There are mainly 3 categories into which the term periods are divided. Short-Term Tenure that lasts from 6 months to a year, Medium-term tenure that lasts from more than a year to 5 years, and Long-term tenure that lasts from more than 5 years to 10 years. You must consider checking the tenure before applying.
Consider reviewing the interest rate offered before you apply for an RD account as different banks offer different interest rates depending on different term periods.
Usually, all banks offer the facility of opening an RD account. They also offer the choice of premature withdrawal of the same. If you decide to withdraw before maturity, the interest payable will be calculated on the basis of the tenure completed. Also, banks will charge a penalty for such withdrawal. Thus, before you invest, choose a bank that offers a high rate of interest and charges a less amount of penalty on premature withdrawal.
Opening an RD Account
A customer can either open an RD online or offline, and they are:
– Log in to your net banking account or application.
– Choose the ‘Open an e-RD account’ option.
– Specify the account number to which the installment should be debited, the amount of the installment, and the duration. Check the applicable interest rate and make a note of the nominee for the account funds.
– After you’ve checked the maturity amount, click the checkbox to confirm that you agree to all of the terms and conditions.
– Send in your application. A confirmation message will be displayed, and an email with the RD receipt will be sent to the registered email address.
– The stated amount will be deducted from the selected amount.
– Visit the local branch of the bank where you already have a savings account.
– Fill out the RD application form and include information such as the installment amount, mode of payment, deposit tenure, nominee, and other pertinent information.
– Pay the first installment with a check or in cash.
– Your application will be processed within the time frame specified by the bank representative.
Apart from the regular RDs that you can invest in to earn interest income and grow your corpus, RDs are also available in other types, suitable for different investors.
Carrying the same features as a regular RD, the scheme for senior citizens brings higher interest rates than the regular accounts. The interest is compounded quarterly as per the applicable interest rate, thus helping senior citizens withdraw a higher maturity amount and meet their short-term funding needs efficiently in the absence of a regular income.
Generally, the additional interest rates offered by various banks on the senior citizen RD schemes range between 0.25% and 0.75% above the regular deposit rates.
RD schemes are one of the best investment options for NRIs (Non-Resident Indians). Substantial returns through investment can be generated with a small recurring investment amount per month. As an NRI, one can invest in RDs either through an NRE or NRO RD account.
Such accounts will be opened in the names of individuals under the age of 18; however, this is only feasible with the supervision of their parents or guardians. A fixed monthly installment and tenure will be specified at the time the account is opened, just like with normal RD accounts. When compared to normal RD accounts, the returns may be comparable or slightly greater.
Conditions regarding a premature or partial withdrawal of RD are applicable if you initiate withdrawals before the tenure ends.
As the return of principal amount investment along with accumulated interest as per the applicable rate is guaranteed, RD becomes a smart, risk-free investment option. Here are some other benefits it brings.
RD is an entirely risk-free investment whose guaranteed returns make it suitable for fulfilling both short and long-term goals. Hence, RD may be just the right investment option if you require financial assistance to meet the below-mentioned requirements.
As a Recurring Deposit scheme requires you to make fixed monthly investments, it helps inculcate a savings discipline. It is beneficial more so for salaried individuals who have multiple financial goals to fulfill with a fixed income.
RD interest is calculated at a fixed rate throughout its tenure. So, if a bank offers an interest rate of 6.50% on your RD, interest calculation will be done at this rate irrespective of the changing market trends or change in your bank’s policies regarding the interest rate offered. You, therefore, do not have to worry about any RD interest rate reductions.
The interest income from Recurring Deposit is taxable, with TDS deducted by the bank at the rate of 10% if the income is above Rs. 10,000. In case your annual income is below the minimum exemption limit, you can save on this tax by providing form 15G to your bank. For senior citizens, form 15H is applicable.
Q1. What is an RD Account?
Unlike a fixed deposit, you can deposit a fixed sum with your bank or post office every month for a pre-determined time in a recurring deposit account. In exchange, you receive interest at a certain rate, and at the conclusion of the term, you receive the invested capital plus accumulated interest.
Q2. How do banks figure out the maturity amount?
Banks determine the maturity amount based on the depositors’ chosen installment, account type, and tenure.
Q3. Can I cancel my recurring deposit before the end of the term?
Yes, you can cancel your Recurring Deposit before the term expires. Banks, on the other hand, often do not allow partial withdrawals.
Q4. Is it possible to save tax on regular deposits?
Yes, tax can be saved on recurring deposits if the money is deposited in the recurring deposit account for a medium-term or long-term period of time.
Q5. Is it possible to add nominees to my Recurring Deposit account?
Yes, nominees can be added to your Recurring Deposit account.