In the stock market, blue chip stocks are considered high-valued and supreme long-term investment vehicles. And these blue chip stocks are stocks of well-known and well-established blue chip companies.

Let’s look at everything about these blue-chip companies.

Blue chip companies meaning

A blue-chip company is a nationally recognized, well-established, and financially healthy company.

These are basically the 100 biggest companies listed on the stock exchange.

This category of companies generally sells high-quality and widely accepted products and services to a large customer base.

A blue-chip holds the highest value in the card game of poker.

However, the term stuck and is now used to define companies that are the top 100 largest companies.

History of word blue chip

Mr. Oliver Gingold, who worked at Dow Jones company, coined the term ‘Blue-Chip’ in the year 1923.

This term came into trend after Gingold, while standing near the stock ticker at a brokerage firm, noticed that several stocks traded at $200 or more value per share.

He called them blue-chip stocks and wrote an article on these stocks.

That’s how the term was born in the financial world and since then it is used to refer to high priced stocks, but now it is used more commonly to refer to stocks that are the biggest in the market.

Some people also relate blue-chip stocks to blue betting disks in the card game of poker, where the blue disk has the highest value while the white one has the lowest value.

Blue chip companies list India

The index has 50 largest and most actively traded stocks of blue-chip companies on the NSE that covers around 22 sectors of the Indian economy and is one of the two main stock indices used in India market, the other being the Sensex.

Here is a list of blue chip companies traded on NSE and form the Nifty 50.

Name of the company Industry Name Market cap (₹ Cr)
Indiabulls Housing Finance Ltd. Finance – Housing 29839
Infosys Ltd. IT – Software 315218
Hindalco Industries Ltd. Metal – Non-Ferrous 45461
Wipro Ltd. IT – Software 155433
Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. Pharmaceuticals & Drugs 44913
Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd. Finance – Housing 338753
HDFC Bank Ltd. Bank – Private 617564
Larsen & Toubro Ltd. Engineering – Construction 190301
Yes Bank Ltd. Bank – Private 57644
HCL Technologies Ltd. IT – Software 140321
Vedanta Ltd. Metal – Non Ferrous 64196
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. Pharmaceuticals & Drugs 112613
Hero MotoCorp Ltd. Automobile Two & Three Wheelers 52237
State Bank Of India Bank – Public 270192
ITC Ltd. Cigarettes/Tobacco 366882
UPL Ltd. Pesticides & Agrochemicals 47481
Reliance Industries Ltd. Refineries 871729
Tata Consultancy Services Ltd. IT – Software 759745
Asian Paints Ltd. Paints 139458
Tech Mahindra Ltd. IT – Software 78128
Cipla Ltd. Pharmaceuticals & Drugs 42944
Bajaj Finserv Ltd. Finance – Investment 110997
Power Grid Corporation Of India Ltd. Power Generation/Distribution 103952
Axis Bank Ltd. Bank – Private 195682
Bharti Airtel Ltd. Telecommunication – Service Provider 134572
Bharti Infratel Ltd. Telecommunication – Service Provider 60464
Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. Bank – Private 257241
Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Household & Personal Products 367908
Titan Company Ltd. Diamond & Jewellery 98469
IndusInd Bank Ltd. Bank – Private 103999
Grasim Industries Ltd. Diversified 53920
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. Automobiles – Passenger Cars 85718
ICICI Bank Ltd. Bank – Private 256592
Tata Motors Ltd. Automobiles-Trucks/Lcv 52781
Bajaj Auto Ltd. Automobile Two & Three Wheelers 86239
Eicher Motors Ltd. Automobile Two & Three Wheelers 59341
Ultratech Cement Ltd. Cement & Construction Materials 109334
Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. Automobiles – Passenger Cars 206398
Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd. Port 75776
Bajaj Finance Ltd. Finance – NBFC 168862
GAIL (India) Ltd. Industrial Gases & Fuels 81758
JSW Steel Ltd. Steel & Iron Products 69676
Tata Steel Ltd. Steel & Iron Products 63367
Coal India Ltd. Mining & Minerals 150902
Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. Oil Exploration 197510
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. Refineries 152604
NTPC Ltd. Power Generation/Distribution 133675
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Refineries 88430
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Refineries 44290
Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd. TV Broadcasting & Software Production 44811

*  The list is prepared based on data till Dec 2018

Why should you invest in a blue-chip stock?

1. Get more consistent returns

Blue-chip companies have more consistent earnings over a period, so it earns the trust of its investors. It means that the company has got strong fundamentals and the management team is striving to maintain its earning capability in the future period as well.

For an investor, blue-chip stocks are good for their portfolio as they provide decent returns along with relative stability, which is the primary reason for investment.

2. Dividends come to you on-time

This is one of the crucial factors which decides the company’s blue-chip status. Consistent dividend payments provide additional income above your initial investment.

When an investor invests a substantial amount in a blue-chip company, they will also reap this additional income in the form of the dividend.

3. Diversification of risk

As blue-chip stocks are known for their stability, so it is best to have some of them in the investment portfolio, especially when an investor has a low-risk appetite.

Even when investing in risky blue-chip stocks, the investor will get the benefits of minimizing losses as these companies are known for their operational efficiency and strong financial health.

4. High liquidity

Blue-chip stocks are highly liquid since they are frequently traded in the stock market by individual and institutional investors alike.

An investor who needs cash can confidently create a sell order for his stock knowing that there will always be a buyer on the other end of the transaction.

5. Goodwill and brand value

Blue-chip companies have their presence in the daily lives of people and have built a reputation as a trusted brand among them. These companies have a competitive edge over emerging mid and small cap companies.

Most of them are the market leaders and maintain that status using methods of easy franchise availability, distribution advantage, and cost efficiency.

The Bottom Line

Blue chip companies have strong balance sheets, cash flows, strong business model and healthy growth.

Many investors consider blue-chip stocks to be secure investments and invest in them for lowering risk in their portfolio.

Long-term investors can look for investments in blue-chip stocks to grow their wealth steadily over time and to receive a steady dividend payment.

Happy Investing!

Disclaimer: the views expressed here are of the author and do not reflect those of Groww. 


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