Besides extending mail services, post offices offer several financial services to their customers in the form of savings schemes and life insurance. Typically, a post office RD is among the most popular savings alternatives to traditional fixed deposits and other long-term schemes offered by post offices.
Post office Recurring Deposits have become the most preferred instruments when compared to banks. One of the reasons behind its popularity is the attractive interest rate one can earn on them and a great profit upon maturity.
The post office RD interest rates are revised in a proper interval and a usual interest rate is 5.80% p.a. The interest is compounded quarterly which enables the money deposited to multiply till the maturity time.
Post Office RD Interest Rates 2021
|Tenure||RD Rates for General Citizens||RD Rates for Senior Citizens|
Post Office Recurring Deposit Interest Rates – Special Features
- The interest rate provided by the Post Office on RD is 5.80% p.a. compounded quarterly.
- The tenure of a post office RD is 5 years
- The minimum deposit to be made in an RD account is Rs. 10 per month
- There is a rebate provided on advanced deposits of at least 6 months
- There is no cap on the upper limit, provided it should be in multiples of 5
- The Post Office RD account can be transferred from one post office to another
- A joint account can be opened by two persons
- The penalty for missing a deposit is charged as 5 paise for every Rs. 5
Post Office RD Tenure
Unlike the recurring deposit at banks, post office RD tenure is fixed, i.e. 5 years. Most people open an RD account to use it as immediate support in case of any inevitable emergency in the coming years making it an instrument being used as a medium-term investment option. Presently, an RD account in a Post office has a minimum tenure of 5 years, which means one needs to ensure that his/her account is active during this period.
If one wants to continue with the RD account even after 5 years, there is a provision for the same under which the RD can be extended to 5 more years making the maximum tenure as 10 years. Moreover, RDs that have been extended by 5 more years will continue earning interest compounded quarterly as earlier.
Minimum and Maximum Deposit
A recurring deposit is one of the most preferred investment tools to earn good returns on your monthly investment. The minimum deposit is kept very low to ensure that it’s under the budget of people who are often skeptical about the deposit amount and rate of interest. As per the post office RD rules, the minimum deposit is Rs. 10 per month and the maximum deposit has got no limit. One can increase the deposit amount in multiples of Rs. 5, ensuring that they invest whatever amount is feasible.
Dates of Deposit
A post office RD requires a total of 60 deposits during the tenure, i.e. one deposit every month for 5 years. The first deposit is made when the user opens the account following the subsequent monthly deposits to be made on or before a particular date, depending on the date the account was opened.
Coming down to the exact dates, individuals who open their account between the 1st and 5th of a month must make the monthly deposits every month for the next 5 years. Accounts opened after the 15th of a particular month are needed to make the payments between the 16th and the last day of subsequent months. For making deposits, one can use the model of demand draft, pay order or a cheque.
Penalties on Delayed RD Deposits
It’s possible to miss a monthly payment due to some reasons.
A post office RD allows the account holder with a maximum of 4 such defaults; in case he/she fails to make the 5th monthly payment in his/her account, the account becomes inactive (discontinued account). Such discontinued accounts can be revived within 2 months of the 5th default.
According to the post office RD rule, a default penalty of 5 paise is charged for every 5 rupees which are going to be deposited in the account. The bank charges this fine to be paid in addition to the previously missed deposit amount in order to activate the account.
Post Office RD Rebate
To lure people into depositing money in advance, a rebate on advance deposits is provided by the post office RD. The rebates might not sum up to a big amount but can contribute to saving a considerable amount for other purposes. The details of the RD debate have been mentioned in the table below:
|Number of Advance Deposits||Rebate|
|More than 5 -Lesser than 11||Re 1 for every Rs. 10 deposited|
|More than 11||Rs. 4 for every Rs. 10 deposited – for 12 deposits
Rs 1 for every Rs. 10 deposited after 12 months
Premature Withdrawal of Post Office RD
Individuals can access their Post office recurring deposit and fund their urgent requirements. But they can withdraw from such an account only after a year of opening it up to 50% of the available funds. A simple rate of interest would be applied on the withdrawn funds and it needs to be repaid in lump-sum along with the interest applicable.
How to Calculate Post Office RD Returns?
The sum of interest offered on a Post Office Recurring Deposit follows the compounding principle. It uses the compounding interest formula mentioned below to calculate the sum of interest.
A= P x (1+R/N) ^ (Nt)
A= Maturity Amount
P= Recurring deposit
N= Number of times the interest is compounded
R= Rate of interest
Mr. G invests Rs. 6,000 into his PORD at the rate of 7.2% p.a. for 60 months. The sum accrued at maturity would stand at –
A= P x (1+R/N) ^ (Nt)
= Rs. 4,33,883
Who is Eligible for Opening an RD Account in Post Office?
Individuals who want to open an RD account in Post Office must meet these criteria –
- Indian Nationals who are over the age of 18 years.
- Minors who are over the age of 10 years.
- Parents or guardians who wish to open and operate the account of a minor on their behalf.
Indian nationals above the age of 18 years would be deemed eligible to operate an RD account in Post Office either singly or jointly.
However, a minor above the age of 10 years would be able to operate their account jointly with their guardian.
Documents Required to Open an RD Account
- A post office account-opening form
- Two photographs (passport size)
- Address and identity proof such as Aadhaar, passport, PAN card or declaration in Form 60 or 61 as per the Income Tax Act, 1961, driving licence, voter’s identity card or ration card.
- identity proof for verification purpose at the time of opening the account
- Select a nominee and a signature of a witness to complete the formalities
How does Taxation Apply to a Post Office RD Account?
An RD account in the post office falls under the tax exemptions umbrella as per Section 80C. Individuals can claim up to Rs. 1.5 Lakh as per annum tax exemption under this section.
However, the interest generated through the post office RD scheme is liable for taxation. Individuals need to pay a tax amount as per their income tax slab. Additionally, an interest that exceeds Rs. 10,000 would be liable for a TDS deduction. Individuals who have an active PAN would pay TDS at the rate of 10%, while those without one would pay the same but at the rate of 20%.
What is the Rebate Facility on Post Office Recurring Deposit?
Rebate is the discount offered to the Post Office RD Scheme holder by the post office to encourage them to deposit money into their account in due advance.
However, in the case of the RD scheme in the post office, individuals would be able to avail rebate on their deposits that were invested at least 6 months in advance. Moreover, such rebates are made available on a deposit equivalent to at least 6 instalments.
The example below highlights how rebate works on RD in post office –
Mr. Pandey decides to deposit Rs. 1,000 for a total tenure of 10 months as an advance in his RD account in the post office.
Under the rebate system, Mr. Pandey is entitled to avail a rebate of Re. 1 for every Rs. 10 he has advanced towards the deposit. The sum deposited by him being Rs. 1,000, he would accrue a total of Rs. 100 as a rebate.
However, in case of delay in deposits, individuals would be liable to pay the penalties. They are allowed a maximum of 4 defaults after which their account will be discontinued. They would accrue a default penalty of 5 paise on every Rs. 5; the sum penalty accrued along with the missed deposits would have to be deposited into their RD account.
Individuals can revive their ‘discontinued account’ within 60 days post their 5th default.
Post Office Recurring Deposit – FAQs
Ques. What is the tenure of a post office RD?
Ans. Post office RD accounts have a tenure of 5 years.
Ques. Is the interest income taxable?
Ans. The interest earned from post office RD is taxable, with no tax-deducted-at-source (TDS) certificate issued.
Ques. What is the penalty levied on not paying the instalments on time?
Ans. The account will be suspended if the number of defaults is more than four. However, it can be regularised within two months by paying a default fee.
Ques. Is nomination facility provided by Post office RD account?
Ans. Yes, nomination facility is provided on a Post office recurring deposit.
Ques. Is post office RD a good and safe investment?
Ans. Recurring deposits are one of the best ways you can achieve your long term financial goals with just a small part of your monthly earnings. On top of that, post office RD interest rates help you to save a substantial amount of money with a minimal deposit amount. However, it is advisable to read all the terms and conditions before opting for any investment.