Most investors face a constant dilemma when they think about investing in stocks. One of the primary questions in their minds is – Is this the right time to invest in the stock market? A simple answer to this question is that there is no ideal time to start investing in stocks. As Warren Buffett says, “Investing is about TIME in the market and not TIMING the market.” In this article, we will offer some pointers to help you make the decision of investing in stocks.
When is The Right Time To Invest In Stocks
Every investor is unique and has specific financial goals and risk tolerance. Hence, investors need an investment strategy tailored to them. Here are some pointers to help you identify the right time to invest in stocks.
Once You Understand How Stock Markets Work
Successful investing requires a basic understanding of how the stock markets work. You must spend some time understanding stocks, markets, factors that affect stock prices, things that you need to know to analyze a company, etc. Learn about different types of stocks, sectors, market capitalizations, risks associated with stock investments, and various strategies to trade and invest in stocks. This learning is essential to commence your journey as an investor.
Once You Have Investible Funds
While investing is essential to meet your financial goals and create a financially independent future, current costs need to be met first. Hence, you need to create a budget for your monthly expenses. Ensure that your essential costs are taken care of. Also, create an emergency fund to manage sudden and unexpected costs. Once these things are taken care of, allocate funds that you will utilize for investments.
Once You Know The Process and Costs Of Investing In Stocks
To invest in shares, you will need a Demat account, a trading account, and a bank account. You will need to complete the KYC formalities to start investing too. Ensure that you understand the process of opening these accounts and have the necessary documents ready. Also, understand the costs associated with buying and selling stocks. Demat accounts tend to have an annual maintenance charge and every trade attracts brokerage and taxes. Make sure that you are aware of the process of trading and associated costs before you begin investing.
Once You Know Your Investor Profile
Every investor is unique as we all have varying financial needs, income, and preferences. Hence, for an investment to work for you, before thinking about if this is the right time to invest in the share market, it is important to understand three important things about yourself:
1. Financial Goals
What are your financial goals? Are you trying to save up for retirement? Or, are you planning to buy a house in a few years and trying to build a corpus for the same? Or, are you investing for your children’s higher education? There can be various reasons behind investing. Understanding these goals is important as it helps you assess the returns that you want to target.
2. Risk Tolerance
Stock investments carry risks. In fact, investment risks tend to be directly proportional to potential returns. Hence, higher risks imply higher potential returns and vice versa. While every investor wants to earn high returns, taking high risks might not be suitable for all of them. If you invest in an instrument that has a higher risk than what you are comfortable with, then you might make rash decisions and suffer losses.
On the other hand, if you invest in instruments with much lower risks than your tolerance levels, then you might not be satisfied with the return. Therefore, it is important to understand your risk tolerance levels and tie them with your return expectations to create an investment strategy.
3. Time Horizon
The third and important aspect that you need to ascertain is the time for which you intend to stay invested. This will depend upon your financial goals. If you are investing to build a retirement corpus, then your investment period would be longer than investing for your children’s higher education. This is essential since different types of stocks can have different investment period requirements.
Trading Or Investing?
It is important to know if you want to invest for the long term or engage in day trading. Trading in stocks requires an understanding of stock market movements, market cycles, and the ability to spot trends using technical charts. There are various charts available like candlestick charts, line charts, bar charts, etc., that offer insights into the performance of the stock and spot trends. Before you start day trading, ensure that you spend time understanding these charts and extracting actionable insights from them. Many first-time traders fall prey to speculation without analysis. This can be counterproductive and lead to potential losses. Ensure that you can analyze technical charts before you start stock trading.
Read More on Groww: Intraday Trading Guide For Beginners
- There is no right time to invest in stock markets. You should invest once you are ready for the same.
- Market crashes can be potentially dangerous as you might end up buying stocks that fail to recover from the crash. Hence, ensure that you analyze the fundamentals of a stock/company carefully.
- You need to assess your investor profile before you start investing. This will provide clarity and help create an investment strategy that works for you.
- There is a lot of stock investment advice available online. Avoid following any such advice blindly. Learn how to understand the markets and stocks and choose the right ones before you start investing.
Q1. Should I start investing in stocks when the markets are rising and cash in on the uptrend? Or, should I wait for a crash and buy stocks at a cheaper price?
Trying to time the market can be counterproductive if not done right. There are no rules that can be followed to ensure returns in the stock markets. Hence, if you are investing for the long-term, rather than focusing on where the markets are headed, you must look at stocks that are undervalued or have the potential to grow based on the fundamental analysis of the company and your understanding of the markets.
Q2. What portion of my salary should I invest in stocks?
Before you start investing in stocks, you must ensure that you have taken care of your monthly essential costs and have an emergency fund in place to manage unexpected events. Create a budget and allocate an amount to investments. Further, stock investing is risky. Hence, based on your risk tolerance level, determine the amount that you will be comfortable investing in stocks.
Q3. Is it necessary to have a stock investment plan?
Yes. Every investor has a unique financial requirement. The risk tolerances also differ. Therefore, it is important to create a stock investment plan after considering your financial goals, risk tolerance levels, and investment horizon.
Investment in securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. Please read the Risk Disclosure documents carefully before investing in Equity Shares, Derivatives, Mutual fund, and/or other instruments traded on the Stock Exchanges. As investments are subject to market risks and price fluctuation risk, there is no assurance or guarantee that the investment objectives shall be achieved. NBT do not guarantee any assured returns on any investments. Past performance of securities/instruments is not indicative of their future performance.