The eligibility to invest in Indian stock markets is very easy to meet.

Indian stock markets have evolved substantially in the last 20 years in terms of risk management, operations, penetration, etc.

However, retail participation is still fairly low. But it is picking up through the equity mutual funds route and by educating the young investors.

Indian investors are veering around to the view that only stocks can generate wealth for them in the long term.

Here is a guide to know who can invest in Indian stock markets before actually start investing.

Minimum amount needed to invest in the share market in India

There is no minimum or maximum amount to invest in Indian stock markets.

Investors with any amount of money can start investing in Indian stock markets.

Basically, the Indian stock market is represented by 2 stock exchanges, that facilitate the buying and selling of a company stock via your stockbroker. These are:

  1. National Stock Exchange (NSE) which has around 2000 companies listed on it. The index used here is Nifty. 
  2. Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) which has approximately 5000 companies listed on it. The index used here is Sensex. 

The company stocks that are traded on these exchanges range from as low as ₹0.5 to as high as ₹70,000.

 

Also, note that the broker involved in carrying out the transaction will charge you brokerage charges. They will also charge certain taxes mandated by the Government of India.

Thus,

Quantity of share = Capital / (Share price + brokerage fees + taxes)

For example:

Let say there is a company X having a share price of ₹20. The capital you have with you to invest is ₹1000. Then, the number of shares you can purchase is not 50, but 49 – 49.xx, depending on the brokerage fees and taxes.

Can NRIs invest in the stock markets? Can foreigners invest in the Indian stock markets?

Indian stock markets are specifically for Indian citizens to trade. But there are ways for foreigners to invest as well. 

Portfolio Investment Scheme (PIS), developed by RBI, allows eligible entities, such as foreign institutional investors (FIIs), non-resident Indians (NRIs), persons of Indian origin (PIOs) and qualified foreign investors (QFIs) to invest in stocks and convertible debentures of Indian companies.

 

NRIs and PIOs can invest in the Indian stock markets

NRIs and PIOs are eligible to trade stocks and convertible debentures of Indian firms through a registered broker. 

Who are NRIs and PIOs as per the Foreign Exchange Management Act (Fema), 1999?

Who is an NRI? Anyone who has been in India for more than 182 days during a financial year and more than 365 days during the preceding four financial years qualifies as an NRI
NRIs can continue to enjoy non-resident status if their presence in the country is 60 days or more but less than 182 days in any financial year, even if their stay in India during the past four financial years is more than 365 days
Anyone, who has been deputed overseas for more than 6 months, also qualifies for non-resident status in India
Who is a PIO? A foreign citizen of Indian origin residing outside India and has held an Indian passport at any time or who himself or his father or grandfather was a citizen of India

Qualified Foreign Investors (QFIs)

At the beginning of the year 2012, the government of India gave a new year gift to the stock markets. It allowed Qualified Foreign Investors (QFIs), including overseas individuals, to invest directly in Indian stock markets.

QFIs shall include individuals, groups or associations that follow below mention guidelines:

  1. Resident in a country that is a member of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) or a country that is a member of a group which is a member of FATF and
  2. Resident in a country that is a signatory to IOSCO’s MMOU or a signatory of a bilateral MOU with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
  3. A QFI should neither be a person resident in India nor should be registered with the SEBI as a Foreign Institutional Investor (FII), sub-account or Foreign Venture Capital Investor.
  4. Also, QFI should be set up with a SEBI registered Qualified Depository Participant (QDP) to commence activities. The QDP shall provide inter alia custody services.

Residents of the following 45 countries shall be eligible to invest as a QFI as per the definition by SEBI guidelines.

Australia Belgium Canada
Czech Republic Finland Greece
Iceland Republic of Korea Malta
New Zealand Poland Russia
Slovakia Spain UAE
Austria Brazil China
Denmark France Hong Kong
Italy Lithuania Mexico
Norway Portugal Saudi Arabia
Slovenia Sweden United Kingdom
Bahrain Bulgaria Cyprus
Estonia Germany Hungary
Japan Luxembourg Netherlands
Oman Romania Singapore
South Africa Switzerland USA

 ** It is important to note that unless appropriately authorized (or exempt) by the regulations in the relevant jurisdiction, Indian brokers would not be able to provide their services to the foreign investors.

What is the minimum age to invest in the Indian stock markets?

As such there is as such no age restriction for investing in stock markets of India.

It’s just that you should be more than 18 years old to create a demat account and a trading account. To open your demat and trading account a PAN card is a must. And you can only apply for a PAN card if you are18 years or older.

Investing in the stock market for minors/under 18 years of age

Even if your age is less than 18 years, it is still possible to open demat and trading accounts. You can do so by submitting documents of your guardian.

You can open a demat and trading account at a brokerage in the name of a minor by the natural guardians (like parents) or the court-appointed guardian.

 

After verifying all the necessary documents, the depository participant will satisfy with all the documents submitted and allow you to trade in Indian stock markets.

Can I invest in the stock market in India without a stock broker?

Any person who wishes to invest in Indian stocks, cannot go directly to the stock markets to buy or sell shares.

Buying and selling of stocks has to be done through stockbrokers.

A stock broker, is an individual or a financial institute, licensed and authorised by SEBI to trade in stock markets. They also have direct access to the share market. They can act as your agent in share transactions of companies.

A stock broker can also offer additional services like advice on stocks, debentures, government bonds and listed property trusts, and non-listed investment options. For the services provided, stockbrokers charge a brokerage fee.

 

In addition, a stock broker can plan, implement and monitor your investment portfolio, conduct research and help you optimize your returns in stock markets. 

How to invest in stocks without a demat account?

Having a trading and demat account is mandatory to invest in the Indian stock markets.

The first step is to choose a stoke broker. 

Next, open a demat and a trading account in which the stocks would be electronically linked to your portfolio. 

Trading account is similar to your bank account, which needs to be opened with a stockbroker. This account is used for placing orders in the stock markets i.e. to buy or sell stocks.

 

A demat account is where stocks are held in a dematerialized form (i.e. electronically instead of physical possession of certificates by investors). It is required to receive or transfer stocks when you buy or sell stocks through your trading account.

Follow these steps to open a trading / demat account:

  1. Approach a stock broker registered with BSE and NSE
  2. Fill up the KYC form
  3. Attach the necessary documents: identity proof and address proof
  4. Produce the PAN card during the opening of the account
  5. One cancelled cheque of the bank account you want to link to your trading account and
  6. Recent passport size photographs of yours

So, if you meet all the above criteria, don’t stop yourself from start investing in the Indian stock market.

Always remember that there is no perfect time to start investing. An investment decision should not be based on market ups and downs or its speculation. 

Hence, avoid investing in a company merely because the stock prices of a particular company are increasing exponentially.

Happy Investing!

Disclaimer: the views expressed here are of the author and do not reflect those of Groww. 

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